October 22, 2020 by

American Indian Casino Successes and Failures

The two primary challenges faced by land-based casinos are the increasing tendency of players to eschew traveling to a land-based casino in favor of playing at a casino online and the competition that so many land-based casinos place upon each other. Added to the challenge of meeting competition generally, many casinos face an imbalanced competitive challenge from the many Native American casinos.

US Government Decision against Two Tribes

Having said this, we would like to discuss some successes and some failures of American Indian casinos. Early 2018, the US Department of the Interior, which makes policy decisions that affect Native Americans, rejected a request from two Connecticut Indian tribes, the Mohegan and the Mashantucket Pequot, to build a casino in the state.
There was immediate speculation that the Department of Interior had a) rejected the advice of department experts who had been asked to give their judgment whether the casino should be built and who said that it should and b) that the decision resulted from massive lobbying against approving the casino by MGM Resorts International which would face stiff competition from the casino were it to be built.
Competition in the casino business comes not only from other casinos but from one group’s familiarity with the bureaucratic process and another group’s failure to grasp the subtleties of the lobbying system in Washington. Despite having the support of “experts” the Indian tribes didn’t have the support of bureaucrats who may or may not have been swayed by the high-powered lobbyists from MGM Resorts International.
Fast-forward to 2020 and these two tribes currently own and operate the biggest and best casinos in the state. And they are working on opening another casino to be owned and operated by the tribes jointly. The casinos pay 25% of their slots intake to the state in taxes. Not a small incentive to the states.

Land Purchase

In the news is a report that the Pamunkey Tribe has bought land and will seek approval for a casino and resort on the land in Kent County Virginia. At the present time, there are no casinos in Virginia.
The Pamunkey Tribe was recognized by the Department of the Interior only in 2015. They claim Pocahontas as an ancestor and are said to have been the most prominent tribe in the confederation of tribes called the Powhatan Paramount Chiefdom which was the group of Indians that welcomed the British settlers at Jamestown in 1620.
The land purchase was the easiest part of this process. The tribe will still have to go through many bureaucratic requirements such as impact studies. The fact that the tribe is talking about building a resort is also significant. It may no longer be sufficient for an entrepreneur who wants to build a casino to build a hotel and casino complex.
These days, an entrepreneur has to build a resort. The concept of the Integrated Resort began a decade ago in Singapore as a way to get the government there to approve a casino. the idea is that the casino is just one of many attractions at the resort. The resort will include family-friendly theme parks, pools, shopping, theaters, restaurants, and a convention center. So the tribe will have to raise far more money to build a resort than it would have had to borrow to build a hotel and casino complex.
As of this writing, there are no casinos – Native Indian owned and operated or not – in the state of Virginia.

Casino Amount Game Name When
SlotoCash $88,200.00 Panda's Gold winner iconDavid B. 2022-11-24
SlotoCash $62,500.00 Merlin's Riches winner iconTim W. 2022-11-12
SlotoCash $61,125.00 Loch Ness Loot winner iconTally R. 2022-11-20
SlotoCash $50,875.00 HyperWins winner iconMark C. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $49,815.00 Bubble Bubble 2 winner iconNada J. 2022-11-23
Grande Vegas $49,365.07 Fortunate Buddha winner iconLinda C. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $45,198.00 Bubble Bubble 2 winner iconEthan H. 2022-11-23
Fair Go $31,012.00 Panda Magic winner iconDETRA S. 2022-11-21
SlotoCash $30,000.00 Mystic Dragon winner iconPaula C. 2022-11-15
PlayCroco $27,960.00 The Naughty List winner iconMalcolm K. 2022-11-18
Fair Go $25,000.00 Panda's Gold winner iconJace A. 2022-11-12
Fair Go $25,000.00 Panda's Gold winner iconCecilia P. 2022-11-23
Fair Go $24,750.00 Cai Hong winner iconRANA E. 2022-11-12
Fair Go $22,650.00 Storm Lords winner iconDamien S. 2022-11-12
Grande Vegas $22,500.00 Keno winner iconTom S. 2022-11-24
Fair Go $22,110.00 Regal Riches winner iconLinda H. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $21,573.04 Fortunate Buddha winner iconJoshua A. 2022-11-22
Fair Go $20,725.79 Fortunate Buddha winner iconJodie W. 2022-11-14
Fair Go $20,652.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconMichelle H. 2022-11-20
SlotoCash $20,480.00 Double Bonus Poker winner iconSusan S. 2022-11-11
Grande Vegas $20,000.00 Double Double Bonus Poker winner iconSusan K. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $19,947.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconRodger R. 2022-11-12
Fair Go $19,920.00 Sweet 16 winner iconMichael S. 2022-11-16
PlayCroco $19,550.00 Fortunate Buddha winner iconRobert K. 2022-11-23
Fair Go $19,500.00 Vegas XL winner iconBrett P. 2022-11-11
SlotoCash $19,241.50 Fortunate Buddha winner iconTravis S. 2022-11-24
Fair Go $18,216.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconJeremy F. 2022-11-13
Fair Go $16,830.00 Crystal Waters winner iconEmily C. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $16,746.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconAntonio F. 2022-11-14
Fair Go $16,076.40 Naughty Or Nice winner iconKylie K. 2022-11-23
Slotastic $15,869.47 Fortunate Buddha winner iconDONNA M. 2022-11-22
Fair Go $15,302.00 Megaquarium winner iconAmanda W. 2022-11-12
Grande Vegas $14,770.50 Ritchie Valens™ La Bamba winner iconMiguel T. 2022-11-23
PlayCroco $14,735.00 Cash Bandits 3 winner iconBenjamin S. 2022-11-16
Fair Go $14,292.00 Pay Dirt winner iconChristian L. 2022-11-15
SlotoCash $14,159.88 Doragon's Gems winner iconMatthew S. 2022-11-22
Fair Go $13,720.50 Bubble Bubble 2 winner iconSean S. 2022-11-20
SlotoCash $13,459.28 Fortunate Buddha winner iconRichard S. 2022-11-13
SlotoCash $12,545.00 Eagle Shadow Fist winner iconCYNTHIA B. 2022-11-18
Fair Go $12,500.00 Merlin's Riches winner iconJohn M. 2022-11-22
PlayCroco $12,500.00 Storm Lords winner iconMorgan K. 2022-11-13
Fair Go $12,500.00 Merlin's Riches winner iconBelinda D. 2022-11-14
Fair Go $12,500.00 Merlin's Riches winner iconCarmela C. 2022-11-16
Jackpot Capital $12,455.50 Shopping Spree II winner iconKim W. 2022-11-20
Fair Go $12,300.00 Run Rabbit, Run! winner iconDusko C. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $12,296.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconNorman A. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $12,180.00 Pay Dirt winner iconJessica G. 2022-11-16
Fair Go $12,177.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconJamie S. 2022-11-12
Fair Go $11,795.56 Fortunate Buddha winner iconJeffrey R. 2022-11-17
PlayCroco $11,652.18 Achilles winner iconYelmar A. 2022-11-15
Fair Go $11,448.50 Triple Twister winner iconWendy L. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $11,437.50 Count Cashtacular winner iconLeszek C. 2022-11-22
Fair Go $10,800.00 Regal Riches winner iconKelly M. 2022-11-16
Grande Vegas $10,792.00 T-Rex II winner iconJon P. 2022-11-22
Fair Go $10,580.00 5 Wishes winner iconJake N. 2022-11-21
PlayCroco $10,550.00 Naughty Or Nice winner iconWendy H. 2022-11-20
Fair Go $10,524.00 Bubble Bubble 3 winner iconKeely R. 2022-11-16
Fair Go $10,520.00 Cash Bandits winner iconLynn C. 2022-11-19
Fair Go $10,250.00 Loch Ness Loot winner iconCarmelita D. 2022-11-21
Grande Vegas $10,240.00 Doragon's Gems winner iconDiana W. 2022-11-13
Fair Go $10,100.00 Ghost Ship winner iconSteve P. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $10,084.61 Khrysos Gold winner iconScott W. 2022-11-17
Grande Vegas $10,000.00 Keno winner iconHeather R. 2022-11-15
Fair Go $10,000.00 Copy Cat Fortune winner iconCoreen R. 2022-11-21
Fair Go $9,804.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconAnnie C. 2022-11-18
Fair Go $9,000.00 Samba Sunset winner iconStacey T. 2022-11-13
Fair Go $9,000.00 American winner iconChristopher P. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $8,825.00 Count Cashtacular winner iconOma G. 2022-11-11
Slotastic $8,500.00 Keno winner iconFrancesco G. 2022-11-23
Grande Vegas $8,500.00 Keno winner iconFeri P. 2022-11-24
PlayCroco $8,353.81 Plentiful Treasure winner iconMona G. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $8,302.50 Cash Bandits 3 winner iconBianca S. 2022-11-11
PlayCroco $8,278.12 Cleopatras Gold winner iconDarryl S. 2022-11-17
PlayCroco $8,218.13 Penguin Power winner iconEmma A. 2022-11-17
Fair Go $8,100.00 Sweet 16 winner iconSrieng L. 2022-11-24
PlayCroco $8,049.04 Fortunate Buddha winner iconKelsie M. 2022-11-26
Fair Go $7,930.00 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconMaria P. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $7,909.41 Khrysos Gold winner iconStevie-Maree S. 2022-11-21
Grande Vegas $7,855.71 Gemtopia winner iconCourtney H. 2022-11-11
Fair Go $7,814.93 Plentiful Treasure winner iconWade E. 2022-11-12
Fair Go $7,785.73 Halloween Treasures winner iconMarie W. 2022-11-13
Fair Go $7,512.50 Cash Bandits 2 winner iconCairn H. 2022-11-14
Slotastic $6,450.00 Cash Bandits 3 winner iconMichael C. 2022-11-20
Grande Vegas $6,362.50 Ghost Ship winner iconDavid M. 2022-11-14
Slotastic $6,250.00 Texan Tycoon winner iconAndrew W. 2022-11-24
Jackpot Capital $6,090.00 Twister Wilds winner iconKeith B. 2022-11-19
Slotastic $6,000.00 Nine Realms winner iconTrisha S. 2022-11-16
Slotastic $5,662.00 Lucky Tiger winner iconChad C. 2022-11-12
Jackpot Capital $5,390.00 Nova 7s winner iconAndrew C. 2022-11-20
Slotastic $4,951.60 Fortunate Buddha winner iconMaria Grazia F. 2022-11-22
Jackpot Capital $4,910.60 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconLynda D. 2022-11-17
Jackpot Capital $4,612.50 Cash Bandits 3 winner iconEnrique David L. 2022-11-21
Slotastic $4,567.50 Sweet 16 Blast! winner iconSeth L. 2022-11-16
Slotastic $4,375.00 Count Cashtacular winner iconAaron B. 2022-11-20
Slotastic $4,275.00 Divas of Darkness winner iconTREVOR A. 2022-11-11
Intertops Classic $3,792.60 Ritchie Valens™ La Bamba winner iconCrystal M. 2022-11-18
Jackpot Capital $3,765.50 Caesar's Empire winner iconBrenda W. 2022-11-21
Jackpot Capital $3,765.00 Zhanshi winner iconAaron Felipe U. 2022-11-20
Jackpot Capital $3,720.00 Wu Zetian winner iconMariapaola F. 2022-11-15
Jackpot Capital $3,651.50 Nova 7s winner iconAndy W. 2022-11-18
Jackpot Capital $3,634.97 Achilles winner iconBetty S. 2022-11-22
Intertops Classic $1,654.50 Divas of Darkness winner iconAaron O. 2022-11-17
Intertops Classic $1,479.72 Nine Realms winner iconKayla T. 2022-11-13
Intertops Classic $1,288.00 Witchy Wins winner iconHyung Joon K. 2022-11-14
Intertops Classic $1,250.00 Bubble Bubble 2 winner iconDrew M. 2022-11-13
Intertops Classic $1,209.00 Twister Wilds winner iconSteven B. 2022-11-18
Intertops Classic $1,143.26 Halloween Treasures winner iconJenny S. 2022-11-24
Intertops Classic $1,000.00 Desert Raider winner iconStavri N. 2022-11-15
Intertops Classic $900.00 Tri-Card Poker winner iconCary R. 2022-11-14
Intertops Classic $800.00 BlackJack winner iconThomas H. 2022-11-14


The Shakopee Mdewakanton tribe in Minnesota has been so successful running land-based casinos that every tribal member receives one million dollars a year!!!

Not as Easy as it Seems

However, the Mashpee Wampanoag tribe of Massachusetts is experiencing a far different situation. Back in 2007, the Bureau of Indian Affairs recognized that the Mashpee Wampanoag traced back to colonial times and were still almost 100% pure Mashpee even in 2007. In 2015, the Bureau set aside some land for the tribe to be its reservation.
There were two problems with the land that was set aside. The total amount of land was 130 hectares, about 325 acres. The problems were that the land was divided with 60 hectares in one location and the remaining land 65 miles away. The second problem is that the land in both places was in villages, the towns of Staunton and the town of Mashpee.
Cedric Cromwell, the tribe’s leader, said that the amount of land was but a small fraction of the land the tribe controlled in the early decades of European settlement.
The tribe asked the town of Staunton for permission to build a massive casino complex that would cost about one billion dollars to build. The condition the tribe placed on the deal was that no other casino could be built “in the area”. The town granted the tribe permission to build the casino and the tribe borrowed money toward that end. But a developer from outside the state also wanted to build a casino “in the area”. His casino would be only about 15 miles from the Indian casino.
The state currently has 3 operating privately owned casinos within its borders. Two Indian casinos are stuck in bureaucratic snags and are, therefore, still in the planning stages.
The case is making its way through the courts amid charges of racism and anti-Indian bias. Meanwhile, the tribe has millions of dollars of debt and no means to pay back the loan.

Sports Betting

The National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) is already petitioning to be allowed to take sports betting bets if and when the Supreme Court decides that the law that prohibited sports betting is unconstitutional. The law that opened the way for Native American casinos specifically allowed casino gambling. Therefore, one interpretation of the law has it that the Indian tribes that run casinos have no legal authority to offer sports betting.

Riches Come with a Price

The Native American tribes that have opened casinos successfully have also had to pay a price in the loss of some traditional tribal culture. The riches that the younger generation of Native Americans receive has in many cases enticed them to become more modern and to follow ancient customs less.
Every week there is something in the news about the difficulties Native American tribes are experiencing amidst the riches casinos have brought.

David is our amateur economist and political philosopher, weather enthusiast, killer Sudoku fan, and best darn game analyst we've found.

In the twenty or so years since graduating college David has completely changed his gaming practices. Where once he played mostly video games with the occasional swing at blackjack at land-based casinos, David switched course and became a regular Sudoku player. David says that he likes the intellectual challenge of solving difficult problems.

Since he began playing Sudoku in earnest, David has ... [Read David Connor full bio]